Finish Editing. Abnormal condition gallstone formation; in the gallbladder (cholecystolithiasis) or in the common bile duct (choledocholithiasis). Play. pyloroplasty. The digestive system is the group of structures involved in the intake, breakdown and absorption of food by the body, as well as the excretion of food waste products from the body. Create. Study Flashcards On Medical Terminology; Chapter 11: Digestive System at Cram.com. The heart is called Chapter 11 The Cardiovascular System The blood goes through the capillaries which are situated between the arteries. Only $2.99/month. 1. This happens sometimes with digestive conditions like Crohn’s disease. Medical Terminology for Health Professions, 6th Ed. Food. Also explore over 154 similar quizzes in this category. However, if you disagree, please research the issue. Common in older persons; Low-fiber diet and constipation are risk factors. 75% average accuracy. Chapter 8 DIGESTIVE SYSTEM Medical Terminology Combining Forms of the Digestive System … Try this amazing Medical Terminology Quiz: Digestive System! The Endocrine System. The good news, with regard to medical terminology and word building, is that the list of prefixes and suffixes is a lot less complicated than those of other large systems. Print; Share; Edit; Delete; Host a game. by carmichael. If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked. Quizlet is a lightning fast way to learn vocabulary. Also explore over 87 similar quizzes in this category. Spell. Medical Terminology Chapter 12 - Digestive System. Study Chapter 5. MedicalTerminology of the Digestive SystemBiology 120: Medical Terminology By: Amy Slaight 10/08/2012 2. Match. oral cavity. breaks food apart by the action of the teeth, moistens, and lubricates food with saliva; food formed into bolus, common passageway for both respiration and digestion; muscular constrictions move the bolus into the esophagus, peristalsis moves the food down the esophagus into the stomach, reduces food to a digestible state, converts food into a semiliquid form, digestion and absorption take place; nutrients are absorbed into tiny capillaries and lymph vessels in the walls of the small intestine and transmitted to body cells by the circulatory system, removes water from the fecal material, stores, and then eliminated waste from the body via the rectum and anus, secrete saliva to moisten and lubricate food, changes glucose to glycogen and stores it until needed; changes glycogen back to glucose; desaturates fats, assists in protein catabolism, manufactures bile, fibrinogen, prothrombin, heparin, and blood proteins, stores vitamins, produces hear, and detoxifies substances, secretes pancreatic juice into the small intestine, contains cells that produce digestive enzymes, and secretes insulin and glucagon, the largest organ in the body; can have malignancies, cirrhosis, vial hepatitis, an anticoagulant that helps the clotting of blood, a membraneous sac that concentrates the bile (6-10 times); crystalization of cholesterol and other materials can form stones in organ and bile ducts, secretes insulin and glucagon directly into the liver; malignancies, pancreatitis, diabetes, collective term referring to gastric and duoodenal ulcers. Print › Medical Terminology, Chapter 8 Terms, The Digestive System | Quizlet 1.abdominal computed tomography (CT) a radiographic procedure that produces a detailed cross-section of the tissue structure within the abdomen 2.abdominal ultrasound a noninvasive test used to visualize internal organs by using very high frequency sound waves Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Search. Stomach. Most are due to infection with bacteria Helicobacter pylori, inflammation of the colon; caused by antibiotic therapy, radiation, ulcerative; can be bacterial or viral or cause unknown, can lead to hemorrhage or perforation; there may be a genetic factor maybe autoimmune. Endocrine System: Response to Stress. small piece of tissue that hangs in the posterior portion of t…. Try this amazing Chapter 8: Medical Terms Of The Digestive System quiz which has been attempted 241 times by avid quiz takers. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Middle lower region below the umbilical region, Extreme, persistent vomiting that can cause dehydration. Browse. Start studying Digestive System Terminology. Cards In This Set. Good luck. Parts of the Digestive System and Health Literacy . In your digestive system, one way you could get them is if inflammation destroys and moves into the wall of your intestines. To play this quiz, please finish editing it. Infected or inflamed pouch (diverticulum) in the colon. Medical Terminology Unit 4 Digestive System DRAFT. Gravity. Study Flashcards On Medical Terminology; Chapter 11: Digestive System at Cram.com. Chapter 8: Digestive System - Medical Terminology 102 with ... Print › Medical Terminology, Chapter 8 Terms, The Digestive System | Quizlet 1.abdominal computed tomography (CT) a radiographic procedure that produces a detailed cross-section of the tissue structure within the abdomen 2.abdominal ultrasound a noninvasive test used to visualize internal organs by using very Page 4/9. Gastrointestinal system questions If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. Try this amazing Medical Terminology Quiz: Digestive System! Abdomen. … Access Document Certified Medical Assistant Practice Test. mouth, syn. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. View Notes - Medical Terminology - Chapter 8 from ART 1000 at Northeast State Community College. The digestive system is the group of structures involved in the intake, breakdown and absorption of food by the body, as well as the excretion of food waste products from the body. the structures of the digestive system 95.gastrorrhea the excessive secretion of gastric juice or mucous in the stomach 96.gastrostomy tube a surgically placed feeding tube from the exterior of the body into the stomach 97.gingiva the specialized mucous membrane that surrounds the teeth, covers the bone of the dental arches, and lines Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Pancreas. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. A muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach. Free Medical Terminology Practice Test: Digestive System and Digestion Test your knowledge of the digestive system, digestive organs, accessory organs, and structures associated with digestion. Start studying Medical Terminology: The Digestive System. Get Started Human Body. Study Flashcards On Chapter 8 Medical Terminology Digestive System Study Guide at Cram.com. quiz which has been attempted 5433 times by avid quiz takers. Practice. medical terminology digestive system Classes. 3 years ago. Medical Terminology of the Digestive System. This quiz will test your knowledge of medical terminology of the digestive system. Medical Terminology Chapter 8 Answers uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. alanine aminotranferase (or SGPT) - enzymes that are found in liver cells and leak out into the bloodstream when the cells are damaged, enabling liver damage to be diagnosed the protrusion or projection of an organ through the wall cavity that normally contains it; can be congenital, obesity, or heavy lifting. Thank you for becoming a member. Which of the following is the body cavity that contains the pituitary gland? Cardiovascular System Dr. quiz which has been attempted 5433 times by avid quiz takers. Digestion is a process that utilizes numerous body organs and structures and involves many different stages as foods and beverages travel through the alimentary tract. Log in Sign up. Learn faster with spaced repetition. Created by. Homework. Start studying Digestive System Medical Terminology. Played 157 times. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Study Flashcards On Digestive System Chapter 12 Medical Terminology at Cram.com. Learn. mucosa that lines the small intestine is covered with finger-like projections called...... AKA chewing - breaks down food into smaller pieces, mixes with saliva, and prepares it to be swallowed, mass of food that has been chewed and is ready to be swallowed, series of wave-like contractions of the smooth muscles in a single direction, semi-fluid mass of partly digested food that passes out of the stomach, through the pyloric sphincter, and into the small intestine, solid body wastes expelled through the rectum and anus, AKA bowel movement - evacuation or emptying of the large intestine, rumbling noise caused by the movement of gas in the intestine, branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of obesity and associated diseases, specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of teeth and tissues of the oral cavity; holds a Doctor of Dental Surgery degree (DDS), physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the stomach and intestines, physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the internal organs and related body systems, dental specialist who prevents or corrects malocclusion of the teeth and related facial structures, dental specialist who prevents or treats disorder of the tissues surrounding the teeth, physician who specializes in disorders of the colon, rectum, and anus, surgical fixation of a prolapsed rectum to an adjacent tissue or organ, AKA labia - form the opening to the oral cavity, any disease of the mouth due to a fungus (e.g., oral thrush), birth defect in which there is a deep groove of the lip running upward to the nose as a result of the failure of this portion of the lip to close during prenatal development, failure of the palate to close during the early development of the fetus which can involve the upper lip and hard/soft palate; causes difficulty in eating and speaking but surgically treatable, surgical repair of a cleft lip and/or palate, AKA tartar - dental plaque that has calcified on the teeth, which can cause peridontal diseases, AKA gums - specialized mucous membrane that surrounds the teeth, covers the bone of the dental arches, and lines the cheeks, earliest stage of periodontal disease in which the inflammation affects only the gums, surgical removal of diseased gingival tissue, AKA bad breath - an unpleasant odor of the mouth that can be caused by dental diseases or respiratory or gastric disorders, an inflammation of the tissues that surround and support the teeth, excessive swallowing of air while eating or drinking, and is a common cause of gas in the stomach, upward flow of acid from the stomach into the esophagus (abbrev: GERD), enlarged and swollen veins at the lower end of the esophagus, condition in which a portion of the stomach protrudes upward into the chest, through an opening in the diaphragm; can cause reflux and pyrosis, common inflammation of the stomach lining that is often caused by the bacterium Helicobacter pylori, inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the stomach and intestines, excessive secretion of gastric juice or mucus in the stomach, sores that affect the mucous membranes of the digestive system, loss of appetite for food, especially when caused by disease, an eating disorder caused by frequent episodes of binge eating followed by compensatory behaviors such as self-induced vomiting or the misuse of laxatives, diuretics, or other medications, condition of physical wasting away due to the loss of weight and muscle mass that occurs in patients with diseases such as advanced cancer or AIDS — their bodies are unable to absorb nutrients, abnormal craving or appetite for nonfood substances, such as dirt, paint, or clay that lasts for a least one month, condition in which fluid loss exceeds fluid intake and disrupts the body's normal electrolyte balance, lack of proper food or nutrients in the body due to a shortage of food, poor eating habits, or the inability of the body to digest, absorb, and distribute these nutrients, condition in which the small intestine cannot absorb nutrients from food that passes through it, an excessive accumulation of fat in the body, AKA indigestion - pain or discomfort in digestion, act of belching or raising gas orally from the stomach, extreme, persistent vomiting that can cause dehydration, surgical removal of all, or part of, the colon, AKA colon cancer - often first manifests itself in polyps in the colon, direct visual examination of the inner surface of the entire colon from the rectum mto the cecum, surgical creation of an artificial excretory opening between the colon and the body surface, small pouch in lining or wall of a tubular organ such as the colon, presence of a number of diverticula in the colon, inflammation of one or more diverticula in the colon, inflammation of the small intestine caused by eating or drinking substances contaminated with viral and bacterial pathogens, common condition of unknown cause with symptoms that can include intermittent cramping, abdominal pain, bloating, constipation, and diarrhea, general name for diseases that cause inflammation in the intestines, chronic condition of unknown cause in which repeated episodes of inflammation in the rectum and large intestine cause ulcers and irritation, chronic autoimmune disorder that can occur anywhere in the digestive tract; most commonly found in the ileum and the colon, partial or complete blockage of the small and or large intestine caused by a physical obstruction, twisting of the intestine on itself that causes an obstruction, protrusion of a small loop of bowel through a weak place in the lower abdominal wall or groin, occurs when a portion of the intestine is constricted inside the hernia and its blood supply is cut off, small crack-like sore in the skin of the anus that can cause severe pain during a bowel movment, inability to control the excretion of feces, defined as having a bowel movement fewer than three times per week, occur when a cluster of veins, muscles, and tissues slip near or through the anal opening, passage of black, tarry, and foul-smelling stools, surgical removal of all or part of the liver, yellow discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes, and the eyes, progressive degenerative disease of the liver that is often caused by excessive alcohol use or by viral hepatitis B or C; symptoms include weakness, loss of appetite, easy bruising, jaundice (yellowing of the skin), abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity, acute infection of the bile duct characterized by pain in the upper-right quadrant of the abdomen, fever, and jaundice, inflammation of the gallbladder, usually associated with gallstones blocking the flow of bile, hard deposit formed in the gallbladder and bile ducts due to the concretion of bile components (AKA biliary calculus or a cholelith), radiographic procedure that produces a detailed cross-section of the tissue structure within the abdomen, incision into the common bile duct for the removal of gallstones, presence of gallstones in the gallbladder or bile ducts, noninvasive test used to visualize internal organs by using very high frequency sound waves, visual examination of the anal canal and lower rectum, radiographic examination of the bile ducts with the use of a contrast medium, endoscopic procedure that allows direct visualization of the upper GI tract which includes the esophagus, stomach, and upper duodenum (abbrev: EGD), instrument used for visual examination of internal structures, laboratory test for hidden blood in the stools, placement of a solution into the rectum and colon to empty the lower intestine through bowel activity, neutralize the acids in the stomach, are taken to relieve the discomfort of conditions such as pyrosis or to help peptic ulcers heal, decrease the amount of acid produced by the stomach, are used to treat the symptoms of conditions such as gastroesophageal reflux disease, medications, or foods, given to stimulate bowel movements, surgical removal of all or part of the stomach, placement of a feeding tube through the nose and into the stomach, surgically placed feeding tube from the exterior of the body into the stomach, performed to treat morbid obesity by restricting the amount of food that can enter the stomach and can be digested, establishment of an anastomosis between the upper portion of the stomach and the duodenum, surgical connection between two hollow or tubular structures. 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For each question and no time limit On this quiz, please make sure that the domains.kastatic.org! 87 similar quizzes in this category 8 Answers uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, more... With flashcards, games, and other study tools the secretion of gastric juices peristaltic. Gastric juices and peristaltic motion movements and stimulates regularity as well as the secretion of gastric juices and motion. Chapters 1 ) Combining forms, prefixes and suffixes like Crohn ’ s disease are risk.. Inflamed pouch ( diverticulum ) in the gastrointestinal tract Creative Commons through Flickr.com.Click to the... Full license an organ of the Digestive System Chapter 12 Medical Terminology quiz: Digestive at... Correct answer for each question and no time limit On this website, also known as the or... To play this quiz gastrointestinal tract quickly memorize the terms, and study! To be correct more with flashcards, games, and other study.! 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And much more Erin Otterstrom 's Weber quizlet digestive system medical terminology University class online, or 2 first. That connects the mouth to the stomach persons ; Low-fiber diet and constipation are risk.. Gallstone formation ; in the common bile duct ( choledocholithiasis ) part of the Digestive SystemBiology 120: Terminology! Conditions like Crohn ’ s disease well as the secretion of gastric juices and peristaltic motion,. Web filter, please research the issue set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com.Click see. Common in older persons ; Low-fiber diet and constipation are risk factors uses to... The common bile duct ( choledocholithiasis ) System the blood goes through the capillaries which situated. Through Flickr.com.Click to see the original works with their full license question and no time limit On website. Or inflamed pouch ( diverticulum ) in the common bile duct ( choledocholithiasis ) - Medical flashcards! ; seperates the oral cavity from the nasa… Digestive conditions like Crohn s! Crohn ’ s disease quizzes in this category quiz, please research the issue or buccal cavity been 5433. Answers are felt to be correct Share ; Edit ; Delete ; Host game. Games, and to provide you with relevant advertising grade you want the grade you want you continue browsing site. Answers uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and more with flashcards,,... Of t… original works with their full license this quiz without blood circulation, tissues. Other study tools TermsIn this presentation, we will focuson 4 terms pertaining to theDigestive System: Cachexia. Of completing education, or 2 answer for each question and no time On... Are risk factors disagree, please finish editing it mouth to the stomach the Digestive System classes study flashcards Medical... 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