The "London Scribes" (The Crown's taxation records) vaguely mentions the colonial Alleghenian location of only a few other early colonial trading locations. from $149.00. OK. Thanks to Mapbox for providing amazing maps. The first permanent European settlers west of the Alleghenies have traditionally been considered to have been two New Englanders: Jacob Marlin and Stephen Sewell, who arrived in the Greenbrier Valley in 1749. Below are weather averages from 1971 to 2000 according to data gathered from the nearest Provincial Council, Samuel Hazard, Pennsylvania Committee, Wonderful West Virginia articles "Allegeny" and Wonderfull W. Virginia September 1973, p.30, "Valley Falls Of Old", Walter Balderson. Most of the trail is now open for use. Permanent white settlement of the northern Alleghenies was facilitated by the explorations and stories of such noted Marylanders as the Indian fighter and trader Thomas Cresap (1702–90) and the backwoodsman and hunter Meshach Browning (1781–1859). A general knowledge of these few outposts are more of traditional telling of some local people. More Info. temperature measurements is SPRUCE K which is approximately 1 miles away and has an elevation of 3,051 feet (1,811 feet lower than Allegheny Mountains). Your Allegheny Mountains stock images are ready. The grand hotel at The Greenbrier, White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia, was built in 1858. In the telecommunications field, a unique impediment to development in the central Allegheny region is the United States National Radio Quiet Zone (NRQZ), a large rectangle of land—about 13,000 square miles (34,000 km2)—that straddles the border area of Virginia and West Virginia. In March 1742, a frontiersman named John Howard—along with his son and others—had been commissioned by Governor Gooch to explore the southwest of Virginia as far as the Mississippi River. In 1669, John Lederer and members of his party became the first Europeans to crest the Blue Ridge Mountains and the first to see the Shenandoah Valley and the Allegheny Mountains beyond. The Alleghenies comprise the rugged western-central portion of the Appalachians. "[11] According to Dr Maslowski of West Virginia in 2009: "The New River Drainage and upper Potomac represents the range of the Huffman Phase (Page) hunting and gathering area or when it is found in small amounts on village sites, trade ware or Page women being assimulated into another village (tribe)." The Late Woodland Montaine were less influenced by Hopewellian trade from Ohio, although similarly polished stone tools have been found among the Montaine sites in the Tygart Valley. The eastern edge of the Alleghenies is marked by the Allegheny Front, which is also sometimes considered the eastern terminus of the Allegheny Plateau. Shenandoah Mountain camera provided by a cooperative arrangement between Pendleton County, West Virginia and the Virginia Department of Transportation. Here they faced each other warily through the fall of 1861 and the following winter. Allegheny Mountains is covered by From northeast to southwest, the Allegheny Mountains run about 400 miles (640 km). The memorial honors the passengers and crew of Flight 93, who stopped Al-Qaeda terrorists from reaching their intended target. Mink and beaver are much less often seen. As late as 1867, John Muir—in his book A Thousand Mile Walk to the Gulf—used the word "Alleghanies" in referring to the southern Appalachians. Click Here for a Full Screen Map. Thus, about half the precipitation falling on the Alleghenies makes its way west to the Mississippi and half goes east to Chesapeake Bay and the Atlantic seaboard. [1] In 1861, Arnold Henry Guyot published the first systematic geologic study of the whole mountain range. Construction began in 1811 at Cumberland and the road reached Wheeling, Virginia (now West Virginia) on the Ohio River in 1818. Interstate 64 traverses the southern extremity of the range, but the Central Alleghenies (the "High Alleghenies" of eastern West Virginia) have posed special problems for highway planners owing to the region's very rugged terrain and environmental sensitivities (see Corridor H.) This region is still served by a rather sparse secondary highway system and remains considerably lower in population density than surrounding regions. [5], The indigenous people inhabiting the Allegheny Mountains emerged from the greater region's archaic and mound building cultures, particularly the Adena and Eastern Woodland peoples with a later Hopewellian influence. Two years later, much of this contested area (along with much else) became part of the new state of West Virginia. Jan 18, 2021 - Rent from people in Allegheny Mountains, WV from $20/night. The Mohetan representative through a Siouan translator explained to Mr Batts and Mr Fallon, Colonel Abraham Woods explorers 1671–2, that he (Moheton Native American) could not say much about the people below the "Salt Village" because they (Mountain Cherokee) were not associated with them. The spas developing around these geological features include celebrated resorts that continue to cater to an exclusive clientele, such as The Greenbrier (White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia; hotel built 1858) and The Homestead (Hot Springs, Virginia; original lodge built 1766). Relocated Subjects of the 5 Nations, View a map of this area and more on Natural Atlas. The mountains to the south of the Alleghenies—the Appalachians in westernmost Virginia, eastern Kentucky, and eastern Tennessee—are the Cumberlands. A Lenape legend tells of an ancient tribe called the "Allegewi" who lived on the river and were defeated by the Lenape. The highest ridges of the Alleghenies are just west of the Front, which has an east/west elevational change of up to 3,000 feet (910 m). It is thought that these ancient Alleghenians were pushed from the classic Huffman Phase of the eastern slopes of the Alleghenies to the Blue Ridge Mountains in western Virginia, which was eastern Siouan territory. The "Kanawha Madonna" may date from this period or earlier. The watershed of the Monongahela River is within the northwestern Alleghenies, and it is from it that the Monongahela culture takes its name. The crest of the Allegheny Front is an exception, where high bluffs are often exposed. Another very early trading house appears on a lower Greenbrier Valley map during the earlier decades of the 18th century. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license, excluding photos, directions and the map. According to a number of early 17th century maps, the Messawomeake or "Mincquas" (Dutch) occupied the northern Allegheny Mountains. The High Alleghenies are noted for their forests of red spruce, balsam fir, and mountain ash, trees typically found much farther north. The map now contains brown squares outlining nearby US Topo Map quadrants. The Mohetan was armed by this time of 1671 for the Mohetan Representative was given several pouches of ammunition for his and the other's weapons as a token of friendship. The mountain range is approximately 300-500 miles long, northeast to southwest. Cheat Canyon, in Coopers Rock State Forest, northeastern West Virginia. rectangular quadrants that are printed at 22.75"x29" or The trail is mainly on public lands. The Montaine sites extend from the tributaries of the upper Potomac Riverregio… The larger megafauna which once inhabited the High Alleghenies—elk, bison, mountain lion—were all exterminated during the 19th century. At its widest portions, west to east, the mountain range is approximately 100 miles wide.The Allegheny Mountain range is generally bordered b… Lying astride the border separating the Union and Confederacy, the Alleghenies were among the areas most directly affected by the American Civil War (1861–1865). Allegheny Plateau, western section of the Appalachian Mountains, U.S., extending southwestward from the Mohawk River valley in central New York to the Cumberland Plateau in southern West Virginia.Generally sloping toward the northwest, the plateau has been dissected by streams to form the Catskill, Allegheny, and other mountain ranges.The Allegheny, Delaware, and Susquehanna rivers drain … Following Cedar Creek through the Natural Bridge, they floated in buffalo-skin boats down the New, Coal, Kanawha, and Ohio Rivers to the Mississippi. Occasionally, osprey and eagles can be found nesting along the streams. [8] Small groups of Montaine people appear to have lingered much beyond their classically defined period in parts of the most mountainous valleys.[9]. Planned and approved in 1826 and completed in 1848, the Staunton and Parkersburg was maintained by fees (tolls) collected at toll houses placed at regular intervals. It stretches from northern West Virginia, near Coopers Rock State Forest, to a point near the Virginia border in the southeastern part of the state. In the following decades, pioneer settlers arrived in the Alleghenies, especially during Colonial Virginia's Robert Dinwiddie era (1751–58). Davis, at 3,213 ft. In the east, they are dominated by a high, steep escarpment known as the Allegheny Front. Shenandoah Mountain, at the easternmost limit of the Alleghenies. [20] In the late 18th century, a massive migration to the Monongahela River basin took place over three main routes: along the old Braddock Road via Winchester, Virginia; through the Shenandoah Valley to the head of the Cheat River and from there to the Monongahela; and along the Lincoln Highway to Ligonier, Pennsylvania, and thence along Jacob's Creek to the Monongahela. Quick View. The nearest weather station for both precipitation and John Norton used it (spelled variously) around 1810 to refer to the mountains in Tennessee and Georgia. The Allegheny range extends south-southwestward for more than 500 miles (800 km) from north-central Pennsylvania to southwestern Virginia. This long and narrow region follows the Allegheny Mountains and is a fantastic spot for those that love sports, transportation history, and the outdoors. 688 relations: A Charge to Keep, Aaron Burr, Abraham Jonas (politician), Accidents and incidents involving the Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress, Acme, Pennsylvania, Adlumia fungosa, Ad These immigrants were predominantly Scotch-Irish, German, and, to a lesser extent, British stock.[21]. With the further spread of the railroad networks in the 1890s and early 1900s, many new towns developed and thrived in the Alleghenies. [3] His map labeled the range as the "Alleghanies", but his book was titled On the Appalachian Mountain System. They were associated with the Allegheny "Cherokee" and Eastern Siouan as trade-movers and canoe transporters. These also were influenced by the earlier Armstrong culture of the more southwestern portions northern sub-range of the Ouasioto (Cumberland) Mountains and by the more easterly Virginia Woodland people. It received its name from the British leader of the French and Indian War (1754–63), General Edward Braddock, who led the ill-fated Braddock expedition four years later. The northern reaches of the region are sometimes considered part of the Pennsylvania Wilds since they are the southernmost portion of the forests that cover much of the northern area of the state. See this page's contributions. Maps & Guides Essential Tools for Your Trip – Don’t Leave Home Without Them Map of McKean County, Pennsylvania Trail Central offers 513,000 acres of outdoor fun. I know they are a peaceable People that live quietly amongst the English in Mary Land, and therefore I shall be glad to see them, and will be ready to do them any kindness in my power." The proto-historic Alleghenies can be exampled by the earliest journals of the colonists. Allegheny National Forest is a national forest in Appalachian Mountains, Allegheny Plateau, PA, NY. Pennsylvania Map with information on history, facts, attractions, cities like Philadelphia. [22] When the Canal finally reached Cumberland in 1850, the Railroad had already arrived eight years before. Built between 1826 and 1834 by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, it included the Philadelphia and Columbia Railroad, the Allegheny Portage Railroad and the Pennsylvania Canal system. Overview. Sometime before 1712, the Canawest ("Kanawhans"-"Canallaway"-"Canaragay") had moved to the upper Potomac and made a Treaty with the newly established trading post of Fort Conolloway which would become a part of western Maryland during the 1740s. well as links to download the map to your computer, or order a waterproof printed map. West Virginia DNR - Wildlife Resources, West Virginia Division of Wildlife. Braddock Road connected Cumberland, Maryland (the upper limit of navigation on the Potomac River) and the forks of the Ohio River (the future Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania). topographic maps of the U.S. called US Topo that are separated into https://www.alltrails.com/parks/us/pennsylvania/allegheny-national-forest More Info. The Calicuas, an ancient most northern Cherokee, migrated or was pushed from the Central Ohio Valley onto the north eastern slopes of the Alleghenies of the ancient Messawomeake, Iroquois tradesmen to 1630s Kent Island, by 1710 maps. The Allegheny Mountains Loop is a 400 mile bicycle route created and mapped by the Adventure Cycling Association. Minutes of the Provincial Council of Pennsylvania By Pennsylvania. Where the New River breaks through Peters' Mountain, near Pearisburg Virginia the 1671 journal mentions the "Moketans had formerly lived". [14] Indian trader Charles Poke's trading post dates from 1731 with the Calicuas of Cherokee Falls still in the region from the previous century. Belong anywhere with Airbnb. In the 1970s and '80s, the Interstate Highway System was extended into the northern portion of the Alleghenies, and the region is now served by a network of federal expressways—Interstates 80, 70/76 and 68. The USGS (U.S. Geological Survey) publishes a set of topographic maps of the U.S. commonly This inequity created a bitter legacy that would last for generations and form the foundation of the mountaineers' poverty and the area's immense environmental degradation. Annoq. Download all free or royalty-free photos and vectors. ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. The bedrock of the Alleghenies is mostly sandstone and metamorphosed sandstone, quartzite, which is extremely resistant to weathering. lower than 93% of other locations on record. Mountain range in the northeastern United States, For individual mountains named Allegheny, see, Map showing the Allegheny Mountains in purple. In August 1963, at the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. referenced the Alleghenies – among several in an evocative list of mountains – in his famous "I Have a Dream" speech, when he said "Let freedom ring from the heightening Alleghenies of Pennsylvania!"[29]. Photo Map. The Godwin-Portman site (36AL39) located in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, had a possible Fort Ancient (c. AD 850 to 1680) presence during the 15th century. Variety defines this beautiful loop route. In the west, they slope down into the closely associated Allegheny Plateau, which extends into Ohio and Kentucky. Globally distributed map delivery network ensures low latency and fast loading times, no matter where on Earth you happen to be. North Fork Mountain, West Virginia, looking south. Maps are served from a large number of servers spread all over the world. (This body of water had been built as part of the Main Line of Public Works, then abandoned.) THE LATE PREHISTORIC COMPONENTS AT THE GODWIN-PORTMAN SITE, 36AL39, abstract RICHARD L. GEORGE. higher than 64% of other locations on record. [1] Allegheny is the early French spelling (as in Allegheny River, which was once part of New France), and Allegany is closer to the early English spelling (as in Allegany County, Maryland, Allegany County, New York, or Alleghany County, Virginia). The rock layers of the Alleghenies were formed during the Appalachian orogeny. Minutes of the Provincial Council of Pennsylvania By Pennsylvania. )[citation needed], The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal—also begun in 1828, but at Georgetown—was also a public work of enormous economic and social significance for the Alleghenies. They rise to approximately 4,862 feet (1,482 m) in northeastern West Virginia. known as US Topo Maps. Absolute elevations of the Allegheny Highlands reach nearly 5,000 feet (1,500 m), with the highest elevations in the southern part of the range. After the flood, survivors suffered a series of legal defeats in their attempts to recover damages from the dam's owners. The highest point in the Allegheny Mountains is Spruce Knob (4,863 ft/1,482 m), on Spruce Mountain in West Virginia. To Colo. Juhn French, Francis Worley, & James Mitehell, Esqrs. Germany Valley, a scenic upland valley of eastern West Virginia. The Allegheny Mountain Range (also spelled Alleghany and Allegany) is a mountain range in Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia.The Allegheny mountains are a part of the Appalachian Mountains in the eastern United States and Canada The Flight 93 National Memorial is located at the site of the crash of United Airlines Flight 93—which was hijacked in the September 11 attacks—in Stonycreek Township, Pennsylvania, about 2 miles (3.2 km) north of Shanksville. https://www.alltrails.com/trail/us/west-virginia/allegheny-trail Created in 1958 by the Federal Communications Commission, the NRQZ severely restricts all omnidirectional and high-power radio transmissions, although cell phone service is allowed throughout much of the area. The indigenous people inhabiting the Allegheny Mountains emerged from the greater region's archaic and mound building cultures, particularly the Adena and Eastern Woodland peoples with a later Hopewellian influence. [2] Around the same time, Washington Irving proposed renaming the United States either "Appalachia" or "Alleghania". Situated in the foothills of the Appalachian mountains, the ANF is composed of plateau tops with elevations up to approximately 2,300 feet and valleys down to approximately 1,000 feet above sea level. [23] Debt-ridden, the Canal company dropped its plan to continue construction of the next 180 miles (290 km) of the Canal into the Ohio Valley. 2 Reviews . North American migrant birds live throughout the mountains during the warmer seasons. Find unique places to stay with local hosts in 191 countries. Anyone who is interested in visiting Allegheny Mountains can print the free topographic map and street map using the link above. The four largest are (in descending order of population): Altoona, State College, Johnstown (all in Pennsylvania) and Cumberland (in Maryland). Click on the map image below to navigate to the full map content. Sewell eventually settled on the eastern side of Sewell Mountain, near present-day Rainelle, West Virginia. With a flow rate that temporarily equalled that of the Mississippi River,[26] the flood killed 2,209 people[27] and caused US$17 million of damage (about $425 million in 2012 dollars). The Allegheny Mountain Range / æ l ᵻ ˈ ɡ eɪ n i / —also spelled Alleghany, Allegany and, informally, the Alleghenies—is part of the vast Appalachian Mountain Range of the eastern United States and Canada where it posed a significant barrier to land travel in less technologically advanced eras. The Allegheny Mountain Range /ælɪˈɡeɪni/, informally the Alleghenies and also spelled Alleghany and Allegany, is part of the vast Appalachian Mountain Range of the Eastern United States and Canada and posed a significant barrier to land travel in less technologically advanced eras. Free printable topographic map of Allegheny Mountains (aka Alleghenies and Allegheny Front) in Pendleton County, WV including photos, elevation & GPS coordinates. The very rugged terrain of the Alleghenies was not at all amenable to a large-scale maneuver war and so the actions that the area witnessed for the remainder of the conflict were generally guerrilla in nature. "AN EARLY HISTORY OF HELLAM TOWNSHIP", Kreutz Creek Valley Preservation Society, greater region's archaic and mound building cultures, Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, High Allegheny National Park and Preserve, and http://lutra.dnr.state.wv.us/cwcp/appendix2.shtm, https://books.google.com/books?id=rEwOAAAAIAAJ&lpg=PA188&ots=gqLrLn2dB6&dq=Ganawese&pg=PA188&output=text, Sid Perkins, "Johnstown Flood matched volume of Mississippi River", "Martin Luther King Jr. | I Have a Dream | delivered 28 August 1963, at the Lincoln Memorial, Washington D.C.", The Allegheny Regional Family History Society, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Allegheny_Mountains&oldid=1000612452, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Pennsylvania, Maryland, West Virginia and Virginia. These included squatters by the Quit-rent Law. The American Red Cross, led by Clara Barton and with 50 volunteers, undertook a major disaster relief effort. The Federals fortified at Cheat Summit, and the Confederates established strongholds at Camp Bartow and Camp Allegheny. The hawks and owls are the most common birds of prey. 1722. A Norfolk Southern train at Horseshoe Curve near Altoona, Pennsylvania. Check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit. The Allegheny Mountain Range /ælᵻˈɡeɪni/, informally the Alleghenies and also spelled Alleghany and Allegany, is part of the vast Appalachian Mountain Range of the Eastern United States and Canada and posed a significant barrier to land travel in less technologically advanced eras. In 1751, surveyor John Lewis (father of Andrew Lewis) discovered the pair. These mountains and plateau have over 20 species of reptiles represented as lizard, skink, turtle and snake. The westernmost ridges are considered to be the Laurel Highlands and Chestnut Ridge in Pennsylvania, and Laurel Mountain and Rich Mountain in West Virginia. McMichael, Edward V., "Introduction to West Virginia Archeology", 2nd Edition, 1968, West Virginia Archeological Society. The Battle of Rich Mountain (July 11, 1861) gave the Federals control of the turnpike, of Tygart's Valley, and of all of the territory of western Virginia to the north and west, including the railroad. The wild onion known as the ramp (Allium tricoccum) is also present in the deeper forests. It approached Hancock, Maryland, by 1839. The Allegheny Mountains range through central Pennsylvania, Maryland, West Virginia, and southwestern Virginia. (Union General George McClellan's victory in this theater would ultimately bring him promotion to commander the Army of the Potomac.) An expedition of 1736 by John Savage established the location of the source of the North Branch Potomac River. The Allegheny Mountain Range, informally the Alleghenies and also spelled Alleghany and Allegany, is part of the vast Appalachian Mountain Range of the eastern United States and Canada and posed a significant barrier to land travel in less technologically advanced eras. Hiking trails are numerous in the Alleghenies, including the three State Highpoints trails within the range (Spruce Knob, Backbone Mountain, and Mount Davis), as well as the unfinished Allegheny Trail. Data sources include the United States Board on Geographic Names, National Weather Service, U.S. Census Bureau, NASA, and Google. However, an example is the "Van Metre" trading house mentioned in an earlier edition of the "Wonderful West Virginia Magazine" being on the South Branches of the upper reaches of the Potomac. All other cameras provided by Pendleton County. From the 1950s to 1992, the United States government maintained a top secret continuity program known as Project Greek Island at The Greenbrier hotel in the Alleghenies of southern West Virginia. Although captured by the French before he reached Natchez, Howard was eventually released and (in 1745) was interviewed by Fairfax. Clicking anywhere within a quandrant will display an info window with the map name, as The Alleghenies also include a number of federally designated wilderness areas, such as the Dolly Sods Wilderness, Laurel Fork Wilderness, and Cranberry Wilderness in West Virginia. [28] Support for victims came from all over the United States and 18 foreign countries. The name is derived from the Allegheny River, which drains only a small portion of the Alleghenies in west-central Pennsylvania. Route 33 Shenandoah Mountain Virginia/West Virginia border: Elevation 3453 Camera Location Map Eastbound View Route 33 North Fork Mountain West of Franklin WV: Elevation 3580 Camera Location Map … Mammals in the Allegheny region today include whitetail deer, chipmunk, raccoon, skunk, groundhog, opossum, weasel, field mouse, flying squirrel, cottontail rabbit, gray foxes, red foxes, gray squirrels, red squirrels and a cave bat. General Robert E. Lee's attempt to attack Cheat Summit Fort (September 12–15, 1861) and Federal attempts to attack Bartow and Allegheny, all failed to change the strategic stalemate. According to Batts and Fallows' September, 1671 Expedition, they found Mehetan Indians of Mountain "Cherokee-Iroquois" mix on the New River tributaries. Dom. Map panels are similar size to other maps (1/3 of page height). Embed the above road detailed map of Allegheny County into your website. The forests of the entire region are now almost all second- or third-growth forests, the original trees having been removed in the late 19th and (in West Virginia) early 20th centuries. Some had preceded the official surveyors using a "hack on the tree and field of corn" marking land ownership approved by the Virginia Colonial Governor who had to be replaced with Governor John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore. Also Known As: Alleghenies, Allegheny Front, Aligany Mountain, Allegany Mountains, Alleghany Mountains, Allegheny Front Mountains, Alligani Hills, and Monongehaly Mountains. Finally, the harsh, high elevation winter achieved what the troops had failed to accomplish, and in the spring of 1862 both armies moved on down the pike to the Battle of McDowell (May 8, 1862), and then on to fight what became General Stonewall Jackson's Shenandoah Valley Campaign (spring 1862). Dolly Sods Wilderness, West Virginia: View from atop Breathed Mountain. Allegheny Mountains: | | |For individual mountains with a similar name, see| |Allegheny Mountain|. Several Indian Nations requested the removal of "Maryland Intruders". Cave crayfish (Cambarus nerterius) live alongside a little over seven dozen cave invertebrates. Some of the icterid birds visit the mountains as well as the hermit thrush and wood thrush. In the 1920s and '30s, Allegheny highways were extensively paved to provide access for automobiles. Photos provided by Flickr are under the copyright of their owners. 304 relations. ★ allegheny mountains on map: Add an external link to your content for free. Chain of hills or mountains; a somewhat linear, complex mountainous or hilly area. The meaning of the word, which comes from the Lenape (Delaware) Native Americans, is not definitively known but is usually translated as "fine river". They built a cabin together at what would become Marlinton, West Virginia, but after disputing over religion, Sewell moved into a nearby hollowed-out sycamore tree. Although there are no official boundaries to the Allegheny Mountains region, it may be generally defined to the east by the Allegheny Front; to the north by the Susquehanna River valley; and to the south by the New River valley. [13] Western Virginia "Cherokee" were reported at Cherokee Falls, today's Valley Falls of the Tygart Valley. [10] Washington Boro ceramics have been found on the Barton (18AG3) and Llewellyn (18AG26) sites in Maryland on the northeastern slopes of the late Susquehannock sequence. Access for automobiles print the free topographic map and street map using the link above System. Pa allegheny mountains map NY theater would ultimately bring him promotion to commander the of... Onward as territory opened up beyond the Alleghenies provide habitat for about 54 species of common invertebrate route! 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